References: The Cruelty of Circumcision

Updated: Dec 31, 2019

Print Edition: Ethican Magazine Issue 01 | Winter '19/'20

Online: https://www.ethicanmag.com/post/the-cruelty-of-circumcision

Author: Austin Jordan.


In addition to the references listed below, my research for this article consisted of directly interviewing victims of male genital mutilation. These interviews can be found within the article.


Reference List

Author: Brian D Earp

Article title: The ethics of infant male circumcision

URL: https://jme.bmj.com/content/39/7/418


Article title: Circumcision’s Psychological Damage

Website title: Psychology Today

URL: https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/moral-landscapes/201501/circumcision-s-psychological-damage


Article title: Should Iceland Ban Circumcision? A Legal and Ethical Analysis | Journal of Medical Ethics blog

Website title: Journal of Medical Ethics blog

URL: https://blogs.bmj.com/medical-ethics/2018/04/22/should-iceland-ban-circumcision-a-legal-and-ethical-analysis/


Article title: Circumcision: My penis causes me constant pain

Website title: BBC News

URL: https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/av/stories-49085138/circumcision-my-penis-causes-me-constant-pain


Article title: Circumcision controversies

Website title: En.wikipedia.org

URL: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Circumcision_controversies#Anti-circumcision_movement_(intactivism)


Website title: Bloodstainedmen.com

URL: https://www.bloodstainedmen.com/history


Article title: Home – 15 Square - Advice, support and news surrounding male health.

Website title: 15 Square

URL: https://15square.org.uk/


Author Mihail Evans

Article title: Circumcision in boys and girls: why the double standard?

URL: https://www.bmj.com/content/342/bmj.d978


Article title: CircumcisionGrief

Website title: Reddit.com

URL: https://www.reddit.com/r/CircumcisionGrief/


Article title: Newborn Male Circumcision

Website title: AAP.org

URL: https://www.aap.org/en-us/about-the-aap/aap-press-room/Pages/Newborn-Male-Circumcision.aspx


Author Patrick Barkham

Article title: Circumcision: the cruellest cut?

Website title: The Guardian

URL: https://www.theguardian.com/world/2012/aug/28/circumcision-the-cruellest-cut


Website title: Muslims Against the Circumcision of Children (MACC)

URL: https://www.facebook.com/muslimsagainstcirc/


Article title: 'My son killed himself after circumcision'

Website title: BBC News

URL: https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-47292307


Article title: Debunking circumcision

Website title: Medium

URL: https://medium.com/sexposblog/debunking-circumcision-28b1b07411e5


Article title: Modesty

Website title: Fisheaters.com

URL: https://www.fisheaters.com/circumcision2.html


Video: American Circumcision. (2018). [film] Directed by B. Marotta.

Website title: American Circumcision

URL: https://circumcisionmovie.com/


Article title: BioEdge: Iceland dumps proposed ban on male circumcision

Website title: BioEdge

URL: https://www.bioedge.org/bioethics/iceland-dumps-proposed-ban-on-male-circumcision/12690


Article title: Letter to Iceland's Minister for Foreign Affairs on Proposed Male Circumcision Ban

Website title: Anti-Defamation League

URL: https://www.adl.org/news/letters/letter-to-icelands-minister-for-foreign-affairs-on-proposed-male-circumcision-ban


Article title: BBC - Religions - Christianity: Didache

Website title: Bbc.co.uk

URL: https://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/christianity/texts/didache.shtml


Article title: BBC - Religions - Christianity: Circumcision

Website title: Bbc.co.uk

URL: https://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/christianity/christianethics/circumcision.shtml


Article title: Pain of circumcision, pain control

Website title: Cirp.org

URL: http://www.cirp.org/library/pain/


Article title: Functions of the male foreskin

Website title: Foreskinfunction.org

URL: https://foreskinfunction.org/


Article title: Intactivist Jews Increasingly Vocal in Israel   - Jewish Business News

Website title: Jewish Business News

URL: https://jewishbusinessnews.com/2016/02/07/intactivist-jews-increasingly-vocal-in-israel/


Article title: Why America must stop circumcision and start viewing it as mutilation | Metro News

Website title: Metro.co.uk

URL: https://metro.co.uk/2017/08/02/why-america-must-stop-circumcising-baby-boys-and-start-viewing-it-as-mutilation-6821551/

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